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Assamese Macaque

Scientific Name:
Macaca assamensis


Found: They are found only in India, Nepal, Vietnam and southern China.

Highly gregarious creatures.

Diet: Feeds on fruits, leaves, invertebrates and cereals.

Gestation Period is 165 days.

Number of Offspring: single

Status: Endangered; schedule- II of wildlife (protection) act, 1972.

 
Common Langur

Scientific Name:
Presbytis entellus


Found in   India, Tibet, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.

Diet:  Leaves, seeds, grain and fruit.
They can jump up to 10 meters; excellent climbers.

Gestation Period: 200 days.

Number of Offspring:
one young.  Births are spaced every 2 years or so.

Status :
   Endangered; schedule- II of wildlife (protection) act, 1972.

 
Common Marmoset

Scientific Name:
Callithrix jacchus


Found   South America , Central America.

Diet: 
like other marmosets and tamarins, relies on a diet of tree exudates (gums and saps), small animal prey, and fruits.

Gestation Period:
144 days

 Number of Offspring: usually gives birth of one to three babies.

Status:
Exotic.

 
 
Chimpanzee

Scientific Name:
Pan troglodytes


Found in Guinea to Uganda and south to lake Tanganyika, but not including the central forests of Zaire south of Congo river.  
 
Inhabits a variety of woodlands from humid evergreen forests to deciduous forest and dry savanna woodlands.

Chimps are active throughout the day and feed mainly on fruit, supplementing their diet with leaves, flowers, seeds and insects when fruit is scarce.

Chimpanzees are highly social animals.  Their memories are long and such long social memories play an important role in chimpanzee society in natural settings.

Number of offspring: 1 to 2; avg. 1

Gestation period:
202 to 260 days; avg. 230. days

Status:
Exotic.

 
Black Buck

Scientific Name:
Antilope cervicapra


Found in Punjab, Rajasthan & Madhya Pradesh.
Lives in open forests with expanses of grass and scrubs.

Gregarious: browse and graze on leaves & feeds on some fruits.

Horns are permanent.

Usually produces one young after a gestation period of 8 months.

Status:Endangered; schedule- I of wildlife (protection) Act, 19725.

 
Swamp Deer

Scientific Name:
Cervus duvauceli


Found in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Assam. Lives on marshland, grassy land in the proximity of forest.

Lives in herd; herbivorous; males only posses antlers which are shed annually and are grown again to full form.

Usually gives birth of a fawn after a gestation period of 6-8 months.

Status: Endangered; Schedule- I of wildlife (protection) Act 1972

 
 
Spotted Deer

Scientific Name:
Axis axis


Found in the forests at the base of the Himalayas and practically throughout the peninsula and Sri Lanka.

Gregarious: herbivorous; males only possess antlers which are shed annually and grow again.

Usually after a gestation period of 6 months, gives birth of a fawn.

 
Sambar

Scientific Name:
Cervus unicolor


Largest of Indian Deer.

Found in West Bengal, Bihar, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhera Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Maharastra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Himachal Pradesh, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

Lives in forested hill sides, preferably near cultivation.

Lives in small herd: feeds on grass, leaves and various kinds of wild fruits.

Like other deer, males posses antlers which are shed annually and grow again to full form.

Usually gives birth of a fawn after a gestation period of 7-8 months.

 
 
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