The  snakes of the  Alipore Zoological Garden are housed in a special corner called” Reptile House”. Indian python, Indian cobra, common krait, banded krait , rat snake,checkered keelback water  snake and  common wolf snake are exhibited in the said reptile house of the zoo. The reptile house of the zoo would be suitably remodelled so as to house the snakes of the zoo more naturalistically.
The muggers or marsh crocodiles are exhibited in a naturalistic enclosure having water body and basking area while gharials are exhibited adjacent to the enclosure of the pool of the mugger. Both mugger and gharials of the zoo would be relocated in the hoolock island situated in front of the existing Reptile House of the zoo.
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Long Snouted Gharial Crocodile

Scientific Name:
Gavialis gangeticus

Found:  in many countries ,India, Nepal , Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Pakistan.
prefer clear, fast rivers, and stray from the water only to sunbathe on the sandy banks.

Food: They are almost exclusively fish-eaters, but the juveniles are deal with invertebrate prey such as insects, plus smaller vertebrates such as frogs, Adults,

Lays eggs: 30 - 50 eggs (average of 37).

Incubation period: 83 to 94 days
The size of the eggs in gharials is the largest for any crocodilian species.

Indian Rock Python

Scientific Name:
Python molurus

Found in India, southern Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan & Bangladesh. Inhabits forests, rivers & jheels.

Harmless, lethargic; usually leads solitary life. Can swim and climb trees.

Carnivorous; feed mainly on warm –blooded prey.

Female lays up to 100 eggs, incubation period - 60 to 80 days.

Indian Rat Snake

Scientific Name:
Ptyas mucosus

Found throughout India including Andamans & Nicobars, Sri Lanka , Myanmar and even Afghanistan ,Turkestan & South China.

Live close to human habitat, rat holes, termite mounds, high grass & rice-fields etc.

Harmless, diurnal; Swims well and can also climb trees.

Female lays 8 to 16 eggs which hatch about after 60 days.

Indian Starred Tortoise

Scientific Name:
Geochlone elegans

Found in Central and southern India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan.

Terrestrial; Inhabits sandy tracts, dry grassland & forested areas.

Largely crepuscular, spending the rest of time under cover.

Herbivorous; feed on grass, leafy greens, succulents, vegetables & fruits.

Lays 3 to 7 eggs.


Scientific Name:
Iguana iguana

Diet: Herbivore

Lifespan: Up to 20 years

Weight: Up to 10 lbs

Size: Up to 5 1/2 feet long

Status: Least Concern

Habitat: Found in Central and South America from Mexico to southern Brazil and Paraguay, as well as the Caribbean Islands to Florida.

Common Krait

Scientific Name:
Bungarus caeruleus

Found in the jungles of the Indian subcontinent .

Lives in fields and low scrub jungle, as well as near human settlements. Frequently found in water or in proximity to a water source.

Venomous. Extremely neurotoxic & haemotoxic. nocturnal in nature.

Feeds on mainly other snakes and even on same species.

Lays 6 to 15 eggs.

Russells’ Viper

Scientific Name:
Vipera russelli

Found in Indian Subcontinent, southern China and Taiwan.

Lives in bushes, scrubs, rocks, dense vegetation, agricultural lands, dry leaves, grasslands, wood piles etc.

Venomous, haemotoxic; not a good climber. Basically nocturnal in habit.

Feed on rodents, birds, lizards etc.

30 – 40 young are born after a gestation period of 6 months

Golden Tree Snake

Scientific Name:
Chrysopelea ornata

Found in India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, Western Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, China , Indonesia , and the Philippines.

Prefer large trees and thick forest, but is also frequently seen in grass and on low bushes.

Diurnal; Very agile climber; moving from one tree to another with ease.

Female lays 6 to 12 eggs.

Vine Snake

Scientific Name:
Ahaetulla nasuta

Found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam .
Prefers low bushes and trees of plains to large trees of rain forest.

They are active during day; mildly venomous.

Normally feeds on frogs and lizards.

3 to 23 young are born after a gestation period of nearly 6 months.

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